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Allosaurus cannibalized its own kind, grim new fossils reveal

Scientists have discovered rare fossil evidence of dinosaur cannibalism in a large quarry in Colorado.

In a new study published today (May 27) in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers examined dinosaur bones from the Mygatt-Moore Quarry near the Utah-Colorado border, paying close attention to any bite marks that were present. Many bones bore the bites of theropod dinosaurs (a large group of bipedal carnivores). In some cases, the team wrote, both the biter and the bitee were of the same genus — the predatorial Allosaurus — providing some “extremely rare” fossil evidence of dinosaur-on-dinosaur cannibalism.

According to lead study author Stephanie Drumheller, it’s likely that the predators were driven to eat their own dead as a last resort during desperate times.

“Big theropods like Allosaurus probably weren’t particularly picky eaters, especially if their environments were already strapped for resources,” Drumheller, a professor of paleontology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, said in a statement. “Scavenging and even cannibalism were definitely on the table.”

The Mygatt-Moore Quarry contains thousands of dinosaur bones dating to the late Jurassic period, roughly 150 million years ago. During its best days, the quarry was a lushly vegetated home to many large dinosaur species, including the long-necked Apatosaurus and the bipedal carnivore Allosaurus. But at some point, the new study suggests, the area fell on hard times, forcing local carnivores to scavenge for scraps of meat from the picked-over remains of dead dinos.

In their new study, the authors looked for bite marks on 2,368 dinosaur bones from the quarry; the width, depth and pattern of the bite marks helped the team determine what sort of dinosaur had sunk its chompers into each chunk of prey. Of these, 684 specimens, or 29%, bore at least one theropod bite mark. Many of those marks were clearly made by serrated teeth, the authors wrote, suggesting Allosaurus (the most common theropod among the quarry’s fossils) did most of the biting.

While these predators tended to nosh mostly on herbivores, 17% of their bite victims were also theropods, including some fellow Allosaurus specimens — making this the first plausible evidence of Allosaurus-on-Allosaurus cannibalism ever detected.

Strangely, though, most of the examined bite marks didn’t appear to be killing blows. In fact, more than half of all the marks were found on boney, meat-scarce parts of the victim’s body, including fingers, toes and spinal columns. The theropods that bit them weren’t hunting for prime meat, the authors suggested — they were scavenging for scraps.

In conclusion, the researcher wrote, these fossils tell a story of desperate carnivores that quite literally picked the meat off their prey’s bones, forced to raid already-decomposing corpses for whatever little meat was left. Apparently, it didn’t matter if those corpses were part of the predator’s own family.

 

Trump to commemorate National Day of Prayer amid pandemic

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At a time when Americans may be turning to prayer more than ever, President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump will honor the National Day of Prayer Thursday in the Rose Garden.

 

The annual observance, first marked by President Harry Truman and codified by Congress in 1952, “exists to mobilize unified public prayer for America,” according to its mission statement. Today, the event features prayers from members of many different religions.
This 2020 National Day of Prayer comes amid an ongoing global health crisis resulting in the death of more than 73,000 Americans and record unemployment claims, with houses of worship closing their doors and many Americans turning to faith as they stay inside their homes.
“We are confronted with the challenges of an invisible enemy, one that can only be defeated through unity, and our nation’s strength, love, and devotion to each other,” first lady Melania Trump said in a video ahead of this year’s observation.
Around the country, religious observers have shifted habits amid social distancing, taking to video conferencing services and livestreams during some of the year’s holiest times: Easter, Passover and Ramadan.
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The coronavirus pandemic has also seen some religious leaders and groups flouting stay-at-home orders, with one Florida pastor being arrested for hosting large church services.
In past National Day of Prayer observances, the President has generally stayed on script, veering once last year to remark that he turned to God amid “witch hunts.”
“How do you go through those witch hunts and everything else? And you know what we do, Mike (Pence)? We just do it. Right? And we think about God,” Trump said at the 2019 event, also held in the Rose Garden.
He also addressed acts of mass violence, including three historically black churches in Louisiana destroyed by arson and an anti-Semitic attack at the Tree of Life Synagogue, and announced new actions on protections for conscience rights.
And in 2018, Trump signed an executive order creating an initiative that he said would focus on religious liberty and faith-based programs.
The first lady is expected to deliver an introductory prayer Thursday as she has in past years, and Vice President Mike Pence is also expected to attend.

Trump’s grievances with little known group put their attacks in the spotlight

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Republican strategist Jennifer Horn was up at 1 o’clock Tuesday morning writing an op-ed when she saw it: An angry tweet mentioning her by name from the President of the United States.

Donald Trump had name-checked Horn, alongside other advisers to the anti-Trump Republican group the Lincoln Project, in a late-night rant against the organization’s latest ad criticizing the President for his response to the coronavirus pandemic. Among Trump’s targets on Twitter were George Conway, the outspoken husband of White House aide Kellyanne Conway, and several veterans of John McCain’s 2008 presidential campaign.
The ad, which was released on Monday and ran in limited buys on Fox News in the DC market, is titled “Mourning in America” and claims the country is “weaker and sicker and poorer” under Trump’s leadership. The 60-second spot ran during a midnight-hour re-airing of Tucker Carlson’s Monday show, which Horn figures is where the President saw it. In his tweets posted at 12:46 am, Trump called the Lincoln Project’s founders “LOSERS” and Republicans in name only.
The President’s reaction was the biggest splash yet for the Lincoln Project, a relatively small super PAC run by Republican or ex-Republican political professionals who oppose the President. Their goal is for Trump to lose reelection, and last month the group ran an ad endorsing Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic nominee. But getting under Trump’s skin is an added benefit for the group.
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“The idea is to get as big of an audience as possible, and there’s no question that when the President tweets you, your audience increases exponentially,” Horn told CNN on Tuesday.
Beyond Conway and Horn, others associated with the group include Steve Schmidt, John Weaver and Reed Galen — all veterans of the 2008 campaign of John McCain, with whom Trump feuded until the Arizona senator’s death in 2018. Others on the advisory board are campaign operatives Rick Wilson, Ron Steslow and Mike Madrid.
Each of the Lincoln Project principles aligned themselves with the “NeverTrump” movement in the 2016 election and have been outspoken critics of Trump and the Republican Party ever since. Weaver ran then-Ohio Gov. John Kasich’s 2016 bid for the GOP nomination, while Wilson advised anti-Trump independent candidate Evan McMullin.
Created late last year, the Lincoln Project has raised just over $2.5 million through the end of March, spending about $1.2 million of that through the same period. According to FEC filings the bulk of that — nearly $780,000 — has gone to a media-consulting company owned by Galen called Summit Strategic Communications, which produces the Lincoln Project’s ads and provides other services. In a subsequent tweet, Trump accused the group of “pocketing” the money they’ve raised from donors
Officials at the Lincoln Project dismissed the criticism.
“No small amount of irony that a man uses his own donors’ money to enrich himself and his family accuses others of the same. Deflection is his stock and trade,” Galen said.
According to data from Kantar Media’s Campaign Media Analysis Group, the Lincoln Project has purchased a total of $115,000 in TV ad time. Most of that has been in the Washington, DC, market, including $46,000 for the current ad. Weaver told CNN they have intentionally purchased time during the Fox News programs Trump prefers, including Carlson’s and Sean Hannity’s.
There have been smaller buys in swing states like Wisconsin and Michigan, and Weaver says there are plans to run the “Mourning in America” spot in states like those soon. The group says it will also be targeting top Republican Senate candidates in upcoming ads.
The most recent ad not only invokes Ronald Reagan’s sunny “Morning in America” slogan from his 1984 reelection campaign but closes with a shot of the Lincoln Memorial — the site of Trump’s Fox News town hall on Sunday. During that event, Trump said he’s faced a more difficult time from the media than even Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican president.
Weaver says the inclusion of the memorial in the ad so soon after Trump’s appearance there was a “fortuitous” coincidence.
“That was the luck of the political gods,” Weaver said.
The Trump campaign would not comment directly on the President’s tweets but accused the group of “politicizing a pandemic.”
“This is a group of disgruntled GOP consultants who are no longer Republicans and are not relevant in this election,” said Tim Murtaugh, the Trump campaign communications director. “The President is out front leading the nation in the battle against the Coronavirus and these baseless attacks do not resonate with the American people.”
Speaking to reporters Tuesday morning, Trump defended his record and said the organization should be rebranded the “Losers Project.”
“Every one of them, I either defeated or they lost by themselves. But it’s a group of major losers. They’re Republican losers,” he said before departing Washington for Arizona.

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Hospitalized for Gallbladder Treatment

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The Supreme Court said she expected to participate in Wednesday’s oral arguments by telephone from the hospital.

WASHINGTON — Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was hospitalized for treatment of a gallbladder condition, the Supreme Court announced on Tuesday. She had participated in oral arguments held by conference call on Tuesday morning, and the court said she planned to take part in Wednesday’s arguments by telephone from the hospital.

The court said Justice Ginsburg was treated for acute cholecystitis, a benign gallbladder condition, at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. “Following oral arguments on Monday,” a statement from the court said, “the justice underwent outpatient tests at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C., that confirmed she was suffering from a gallstone that had migrated to her cystic duct, blocking it and causing an infection.”

The treatment did not involve surgery, the statement said without elaboration. Gallstones can sometimes be removed through a scope passed down the digestive tract. If the blockage has caused an infection, it may be treated with antibiotics.

Gallstones are more common in women than in men, and are more likely to form in people over 40. The most common type are made mostly of cholesterol.

When a stone blocks a duct, it causes pain and sometimes nausea and vomiting. If there is an infection, there may be fever.

The statement said Justice Ginsburg was resting comfortably and “expects to stay in the hospital for a day or two.”

Justice Ginsburg, 87, has had a series of recent health scares. Last summer, she underwent three weeks of radiation treatment for a malignant tumor on her pancreas. “The tumor was treated definitively and there is no evidence of disease elsewhere in the body,” the court said in a statement at the time.

That was Justice Ginsburg’s fourth brush with cancer, following surgery in 2018 to remove two malignant nodules from her left lung, surgery for early-stage pancreatic cancer in 2009 and treatment for colon cancer in 1999.

Before the coronavirus pandemic, Justice Ginsburg had maintained a remarkably busy schedule, often making public appearances at least twice a week.

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The court stopped hearing arguments in its courtroom in early March in light of health concerns, postponing arguments in about 20 cases. The court started hearing two weeks of arguments by conference call on Monday, providing the public with live audio for the first time. At arguments on Monday and Tuesday, Justice Ginsburg’s questions were characteristically crisp and cogent.

Justice Ginsburg is the senior member of the court’s four-member liberal wing. She has repeatedly vowed to stay on the court as long as her health holds and she stays mentally sharp.

President Trump has appointed two members of the Supreme Court, Justices Neil M. Gorsuch and Brett M. Kavanaugh. The last president to appoint more than two justices in his first term was Richard M. Nixon, who put four on the court from 1969 to 1972. Those appointments spelled the end of the liberal court that had been led by Chief Justice Earl Warren and created a conservative majority that remains to this day.

The current court is closely divided, with five Republican appointees and four Democratic ones. A third Trump appointee would not only make the balance more lopsided but would also almost certainly move the court’s ideological center to the right.

Justice Ginsburg was named to the court in 1993 by President Bill Clinton. She was the first Democratic appointee since 1967, when President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Thurgood Marshall.

During the Obama administration, some liberals urged Justice Ginsburg to step down so that President Barack Obama could name her successor. She rejected the advice.

“I think it’s going to be another Democratic president,” Justice Ginsburg told The Washington Post in 2013. “The Democrats do fine in presidential elections; their problem is they can’t get out the vote in the midterm elections.”

Mr. Trump, whose election proved her wrong, has been critical of Justice Ginsburg, saying in 2016 that “her mind is shot” and suggesting that she resign. His sharp words came after Justice Ginsburg criticized Mr. Trump in a series of interviews. She later said she had made a mistake in publicly commenting on a candidate and promised to be more “circumspect” in the future.

More recently, he urged Justices Ginsburg and Sonia Sotomayor to recuse themselves in all cases involving him.

The ‘boogeyman’ of pediatrics: What is Kawasaki disease and is it linked to the coronavirus?

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Symptoms of a rare inflammatory condition have been identified in at least 15 children in New York City hospitals, alarming pediatricians across the country and raising concerns about a possible link to the coronavirus.

The patients exhibited symptoms typically seen in Kawasaki disease or toxic shock syndrome, including a persistent fever, according to the city’s health department.

The children were between 2 and 15 years old and were identified between April 29 and May 3. While all the patients had a fever, more than half of them reported a rash, abdominal pain, vomiting or diarrhea.

In an alert issued to doctors, the NYC health department said less than half of the patients exhibited respiratory symptoms. Four of the cases tested positive for COVID-19, while 11 tested negative.

No deaths have been reported, but many of the patients required blood pressure support and five of them required mechanical ventilation, the city’s health department said.

 

Both Kawasaki disease and COVID-19 are illusive conditions that doctors are still studying. Some experts doubt there’s a link between the two while others don’t believe the mysterious symptoms belong to Kawasaki at all.

What is Kawasaki disease?

“Kawasaki disease is one of the great mysteries in pediatrics,” said Dr. Frank Esper, a physician at the Cleveland Clinic Children’s Center for Pediatric Infectious Diseases. “It’s something we’ve been dealing with for decades.”

Symptoms include a fever of at least 101 degrees that lasts for five days or more, a rash and swollen glands in the neck, according to Britain’s National Health Service. Esper says that it predominately affects children between the ages of 2 and 6, tends to run during “mini-epidemics,” and is more likely to happen in the winter than the summer.

 

While doctors know how to treat Kawasaki disease, they still don’t know what causes it or why some people get it. Esper says “a cemetery of different reports” have hypothesized the disease is caused by viruses while others say people may be genetically predisposed.

“Kawasaki disease is the boogeyman to pediatricians,” he said. “It’s extremely difficult to diagnose. Even with the most astute clinicians, we have a hard time figuring out who has it and who doesn’t.”

 

Esper says the main indicator of the disease can be found in the heart. Coronary artery aneurysm, or a dilation of the coronary arteries, is what distinguishes Kawasaki from any other inflammatory disease.

First cases with COVID-19 concern appeared in Europe

The condition was first reported by doctors in Britain, Italy and Spain in late April. Britain’s Paediatric Intensive Care Society issued an alert noting there had been an increase in the number of children with “a multi-system inflammatory state requiring intensive care” across the country.

 

The group said there was “growing concern” that either a COVID-19 related syndrome was emerging in children or that a different, unidentified disease might be responsible.

Spain’s Association of Pediatrics recently made a similar warning, telling doctors that in recent weeks, there had been a number of school-age children suffering from “an unusual picture of abdominal pain, accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms” that could lead within hours to shock, low blood pressure and heart problems.

In Italy, Dr. Angelo Ravelli of Gaslini Hospital and a member of the Italian Paediatricians’ Society, sent a note to 10,000 colleagues raising his concerns. He and his team reported an unusual increase in the number of patients with Kawasaki disease in regions of Italy hit hard by the pandemic, noting some children had COVID-19 or had contacts with confirmed virus cases.

Some possible cases have also been reported in France and Belgium.

Is Kawasaki disease related to the coronavirus?

Experts say it’s too early to tell if the disease can be associated with COVID-19.

“We’ve never seen the coronavirus before but we’ve been dealing with Kawasaki disease for decades,” Esper said.

He also said that experts aren’t even sure if the mystery disease popping up in parts of Europe and the U.S. can be definitively identified as Kawasaki disease. So far, he hasn’t seen any the reports mention coronary artery dilation, which would be a major indication.

“I will caution that there are many things that look similar to Kawasaki disease,” Esper said. “It could be that what they’re calling Kawasaki is not Kawasaki but an inflammatory disease caused by the coronavirus.”

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Dr. Sunil Sood, a pediatric infectious disease physician at Northwell Health’s Southside Hospital and Cohen Children’s Medical Center, doesn’t believe the condition is Kawasaki.

Sood says patients he’s treated have been sicker, with inflammatory markers 10 to 100 times higher than average child with Kawasaki disease.

Although the New York City Health Department only mentioned 15 cases in their alert, Sood says he’s had at least 20 cases between the two hospitals where he works. Only three of his cases tested positive for coronavirus with the regular PCR test, but the rest tested positive for coronavirus antibodies.

He estimates his patients may have had the virus, even unknowingly, four weeks before developing the inflammatory condition.

“The immune system can overreact in a delayed timeline many weeks later,” Sood said. “We know this from other infectious diseases.”

He advises parents and pediatricians to look out for a fever as well as a combination of any of these symptoms: Abdominal pain, confusion, diarrhea, red eyes, rash, swollen hands and feet, difficulty breathing and passing out. Sometimes the abdominal pain can be so severe that it mimics appendicitis.

Sood urges parents to bring their children to the hospital if they develop any symptoms because it could lead to further heart complications, even acute heart failure.

“Initially, I thought it was Kawasaki … but it’s going beyond those symptoms,” he said. “Pediatricians and parents should be aware that there’s an outbreak of this right now.”

While there’s a spike in these cases, Sood says that children are still among the least affected group by the coronavirus. Data from more than 75,000 cases in China showed they comprised 2.4% of all confirmed cases and mostly suffered only mild symptoms.

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Disney Stock Downgraded to “Sell” Over Coronavirus Impact

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“Disney has gone from being on top of the world a la Lion King (devouring Fox), to feeling like Eeyore stuck in the middle of a perfect storm,” Lightshed Partners analyst Richard Greenfield wrote

 

Lightshed Partners analyst Richard Greenfield on Tuesday downgraded Walt Disney’s stock as he argued there’s too little future earnings visibility to measure the COVID-19 impact on the studio’s theme parks, theatrical releases and other out-of-home businesses.

“Disney is built on shared group experiences. Until there is global comfort health-wise with that behavior again, Disney’s earnings are fundamentally impaired,” Greenfield wrote in a report. He added Disney’s share price is overvalued as he downgraded the studio’s stock to “sell,” with an $85 target.

Disney is set to release its latest financial results after the market close on Tuesday.

Greenfield said the impact of the coronavirus pandemic and social distancing will force Disney to dramatically cut strategic investments and operating costs just as investors are betting the studio can successfully pivot to the streaming age with Disney+.

“Disney has gone from being on top of the world a la Lion King (devouring Fox), to feeling like Eeyore stuck in the middle of a perfect storm with no end in sight, an inexperienced CEO and furloughing tens of thousands of employees to reduce costs and sustain a dividend that should have been cut immediately,” the analyst argued.

Disney recently named Bob Chapek as its next CEO, succeeding Bob Iger, who assumed the role of executive chairman but has returned in an enlarged management role at the studio as it navigates the coronavirus pandemic.

Greenfield warned Disney reopening its parks too early risks low attendance with high costs as furloughed workers are brought back, and releasing theatrical tentpoles before moviegoers are comfortable returning to theaters risks deep box office losses. Other risk factors for Disney include a deepening TV ad recession.

The Lightshed Partners researcher echoes other analysts who have forecast the studio’s theme park division will take two or more years to return to normal attendance in the coronavirus pandemic era.

On the direct-to-consumer front, Greenfield touted Disney+ for surpassing 50 million subscribers, but added that “even if Disney+ achieves 100 million subscribers in 2022, we expect revenue to be a fraction of Netflix. For now, Disney+ is really more of the SVOD outlet for Disney feature films (like HBO or Showtime) rather than the focal point of the entire company’s content creation.”

Greenfield said investors would be wrong to look past the COVID-19 impact on Disney to more normalized earnings down the road. “We believe that would be a mistake, as there is no clarity on when vacation travel normalizes, nor when movie theater attendance normalizes, enabling a Disney movie to generate $1-$2 billion of box office,” he argued.

Greenfield forecast Disney earnings will fall in 2021, before reaching a “new normal” in 2022 and beyond. “If our estimates are even close to realistic, we cannot see Disney’s stock price holding in at current levels,” he added.

These are, we kid you not, actual questions people Google about Cinco de Mayo

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You know the old saying, “There’s no such thing as a stupid question?”

Turns out, there is.
And when it comes to Cinco de Mayo — the annual fiesta that gives Americans an excuse to load up on tacos and margaritas — people ask a LOT of them.
These are actual questions people asked on Google about the Mexican holiday, which is actually a bigger deal in the US than it is in Mexico.
Cinco = 5. de Mayo = of May. So, May 5.
Cinco de Mayo.
On Cinco de Mayo.
*Sigh. On Cinco de Mayo.
We’ve been through this already.

When was the Cinco de Mayo war?

There was no Cinco de Mayo war.
The holiday celebrates Mexico’s victory over France in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. It was a relatively minor battle — the French reclaimed Puebla a year later — but a symbolic one because a small Mexican army defeated a larger occupying force. By 1867, Mexican troops had driven France from the country.
Many Americans assume Cinco de Mayo is Mexico’s Independence Day. It’s not. That holiday falls on September 16 and commemorates the Grito de Dolores, a priest’s ringing of a church bell in the town of Dolores in 1810 that triggered Mexico’s War of Independence from Spain.

Is Cinco de Mayo the Day of the Dead?

No. Día de Muertos, or Day of the Dead, is a three-day holiday in which families across Mexico gather to remember deceased friends and family members. It’s usually held from October 31 to November 2.
Wherever you want it to be. If your party game is strong, Cinco de Mayo could even be a state of mind.
We give up.
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The Amazon VP who went viral for quitting and calling the company ‘chickensh–‘ says

Google, Comcast, and Huawei got in touch ….

The Amazon VP who quit the company with a searing attack on how it targeted whistleblowers says he has been approached by numerous other tech companies already. Tim Bray’s resignation went viral on Monday after the VP — who held the title of “distinguished engineer” — launched an attack on Amazon in a blog post. Bray wrote he had left the company after it fired workers who openly criticized its warehouse conditions during the coronavirus pandemic, a move he called “chickenshit.”

(He later retracted the insult, calling it “mean-spirited.”) This seems to have caught the eye of some other tech companies. “Recruiters so far: Google, Comcast, Huawei. And a bunch of startups,” Bray tweeted on Monday, adding he’s not currently looking for work.

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Bray said in his initial blog post that leaving the company would cost him $1 million per year, and speaking to Business Insider’s Eugene Kim he added that there was no “agenda” behind the post. “I’m a blogger — I write the story of my life,” said Bray. Bray’s concerns come after Amazon fired a number of staff who either organized or protested against the way the firm is operating during the pandemic. Amazon has seen a huge uptick in demand from online shoppers, and has had to balance that demand with the safety of its warehouse workers. Amazon in March fired employee Chris Smalls after he organized a protest of the working conditions inside the Queens, New York warehouse where he worked. A leaked memo also showed high-level executives discussing Smalls in unflattering terms at a meeting with CEO Jeff Bezos. “He’s not smart, or articulate, and to the extent the press wants to focus on us versus him, we will be in a much stronger PR position,” Amazon’s top lawyer David Zapolsky wrote about Smalls. Amazon in April also fired two web designers who had criticized the company’s treatment of its warehouse workers. One of the designers, Emily Cunningham, thanked Bray for his resignation.

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National Nurses Week 2020: Free food deals

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National Nurses Week begins Wednesday, May 6 and what better way to celebrate than with free food deals?

 

Each year, restaurants around the country offer nurses of all kinds free or discounted meals and treats through the end of Nurses Week on May 12. Now amid the coronavirus pandemic, nurses are working even harder to provide care.

Below are some of the eateries providing sweet treats, meals or a cup of joe to hardworking nurses in Georgia.

Chipotle is providing free burritos to health care workers beginning on Nurses Day May 6 following their 4HEROS campaign. The burritos are provided if workers signup here for a chance to receive them.

Cinnabon traditionally offers a free cinnamon roll at participating bakeries to nurses. The company partners with the DAISY Foundation, which recognizes “the exceptional work that nurses do for patients and families every day.”

Dunkin’ is giving health care workers a free doughnut and medium hot or iced coffee on National Nurses Day, Wednesday, May 6.

Home Chef is offering an exclusive discount to nurses, doctors, hospital employees, first responders and teachers who verify with ID.me at checkout.

Krispy Kreme is providing a dozen of their Original Glazed doughnuts every Monday through National Nurses Week. The treats can be picked up in the drive-thru by showing an employer badge.

Little Caesar’s Pizza has donated one million pizzas to health care workers and first responders throughout the country. Though the #PieItForward campaign customers can also donate pizza to local hospitals, police and fire departments when checking out. By doing so, customers have already donated an additional 125,000 pizzas.

McDonald’s began offering Thank You meals in April to first responders and medical professionals who show proof of employment. Nurses are included in this and they can choose from breakfast, lunch or dinner options.

Mrs. Fields is offering 25% off the Heroes Collection so people can thank front line workers — including nurses. A bundle can be sent to doctors’ offices or local hospitals.

Outback Steakhouse offers 10% off all day, every day to nurses, doctors and other medical staff as well as military veterans and first responders. A valid medical, state or federal service ID is required.

Snickers is giving essential workers an e-gift card for a free Snickers bar that can be redeemed at Walmart. For every bar sent, Snickers will also donate to first responders through Operation Gratitude.

Starbucks is offering frontline health care workers and first responders a free tall brewed coffee — hot or iced — through the end of May.

Subway is partnering with Postmates to deliver subs to nurses and health care workers. For every $15 Subway order placed on Postmates, the sandwich and salad restaurant will donate a 6-inch sub to medical professionals on the front lines of the coronavirus pandemic through May 10.

 

Don Shula Kept Winning Interesting

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Shula’s teams claimed 347 victories under him, but it was the variety of styles and personnel that made his record number of victories truly remarkable.

Don Shula owns some of the most hallowed records in N.F.L. history: the most wins by a coach, the most games coached, the league’s only perfect season.

Despite all the victories and accolades — Shula was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1997 — he was proudest of how his teams won. They were consistently among the least penalized in the league, which he considered a sign of his players’ discipline and preparation.

“I always said there was no such thing as a small mistake or insignificant error,” Shula told The New York Times in 2016. “If it happened in a critical part of the game, it could be part of the outcome of the game.”

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His approach, as evident in two Super Bowl titles and all those wins, worked. For decades.

Shula, who died on Monday at 90, took over the Baltimore Colts when John F. Kennedy was president and retired from the Miami Dolphins during the Bill Clinton administration. He was the same relentless taskmaster throughout his 33 seasons as a head coach, an innovator who found ways to win with stars and unsung stalwarts, like the so-called No-Name Defense of the early 1970s. He drove his players hard in practice and demanded they prepare so thoroughly that they could adapt to any situation during games.

Then there were the workouts in the South Florida sun and humidity that every Shula-coached Dolphin can recall. Among his many ways of inflicting pain on a generation of Dolphins, Shula would have the players run a 12-minute drill around two football fields at the team’s training camp at St. Thomas University. They ran past coaches and scouts who carried stop watches, screaming out splits. The wide receivers and defensive backs had one set of targets, the linebackers and running backs another. For the linemen, the bulkiest of the bunch, the drill was pure agony.

“It was an annual ritual and if you didn’t make the target time, he’d call out your times in front of all your peers,” said Richmond Webb, an offensive tackle who broke in with Shula’s Dolphins in 1990. “He was tough, but you see the camaraderie with the guys who played in the ’70s and ’80s. He was the same guy, it seemed like.”

Shula amassed a record 347 wins as an N.F.L. coach and led the 1972 Dolphins to the league’s only perfect season. That team, which this year was voted the greatest in N.F.L. history, led the league in both offense and defense.

Shula’s teams remained competitive for decades; in his 33 years as a head coach, he had only two losing seasons, a dozen years apart. His teams made it to the playoffs 19 times, with six Super Bowl appearances.

Some of his records may be broken — the New England Patriots’ Bill Belichick is the closest active coach in wins, 43 behind Shula’s total. But Shula’s openness to change, his ability to trust talented assistant coaches, no matter their age, and his imprint on the rules of the modern game may be as important as his statistics.

Shula won with an assortment of quarterbacks. In Baltimore, he coached the great Johnny Unitas and the steady but unflashy Earl Morrall. In Miami, his Super Bowl-bound teams were led by two more Hall of Fame quarterbacks, Bob Griese and Dan Marino, but also by the unheralded David Woodley, and, during that magical 1972 season, by Morrall again.

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In an era when teams rode one primary running back, Shula leaned on a trio of them — Larry Csonka, Mercury Morris and Jim Kiick — who rotated into the game based on the situation. To confuse offenses, Shula’s defensive linemen would line up like linebackers, and the linebackers like linemen.

“He won with the running game, he won with the passing game,” said Upton Bell, who was the director of player personnel with the Colts during Shula’s tenure in Baltimore. “If you put aside the records, he would go against the grain. He was willing to change because he could see the effects on the game.”

The best example came in the 1970s, when Shula’s teams were built around a formidable offensive line and a grinding running game. A member of the league’s competition committee, Shula saw that defensive backs could push and shove receivers all over the field, stifling the passing game. Though it wasn’t in the best interests of his Dolphins at the time, Shula pushed for the introduction of a five-yard penalty on defensive backs who hit receivers more than five yards from the line of scrimmage.

Within a few years, the league was dominated by pass-first offenses that have been the model ever since. And one of the most celebrated pass-first offenses appeared in Miami, where Dan Marino became the first quarterback to throw for 5,000 yards in a season. When he retired in 1999, Marino held dozens of passing records, most of which have been eclipsed.

Years later, at his home near Miami Beach, Shula spoke about the rules he helped usher in during his 26 years on the competition committee. He and Tex Schramm, the Dallas Cowboys executive who ran the committee, knew that stars were what made the game popular, especially quarterbacks. To preserve those stars, they added a penalty against defenders who hit quarterbacks from behind with their heads down.

“We wanted to make sure we kept the excitement in the game, and the big players in it,” Shula said.

He managed to do both. For decades.

 

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